During pregnancy, the diet must be carefully monitored. Indeed, some infections can be serious and some foods are not recommended. Can you drink coffee? Should you switch from steak tartar for nine months and draw a line under the cheese? Here is some useful information that can help you focus on what you can eat or what to avoid when you are pregnant.
During pregnancy, some foods can be harmful and the trick is to know the risk situations. Some food poisoning can have severe consequences in a pregnant woman: among these can be counted the toxoplasmosis, the food borne diseases, and listeriosis. To avoid this type of problems, you should eat meat very cooked, avoid eating raw foods (raw milk, smoked fish and raw milk cheeses); avoid the frozen products, the processed meats such as pate and remove the cheese rind. You should try to take firm hygiene precautions when it comes to the storage and handling of food.
Alcohol is strongly discouraged during pregnancy. It is best to remove it completely or limit it to an occasionally glass of wine. Besides the very serious fetal alcohol syndrome that affects children of alcoholic women, the consumption of moderate amounts of alcohol contributes to prematurity and low birth weight. The risk is increased very rapidly by two glasses of wine per day.
You should also not abuse the coffee during pregnancy. It seems that the excessive consumption of caffeine is correlated with risk of miscarriage or low birth weight, but nothing has really been demonstrated in the field.
During pregnancy, you should try to avoid the high calorie foods as well. Indeed, the maternal obesity augments the risks for both the mother and child: preeclampsia, hypertension, diabetes, urinary infections, and even thromboembolic events. The risks at delivery are increased as well, with a high proportion of cesarean sections. The weight gain should be limited and a regular medical monitoring is necessary.
Finally, when speaking of a pregnant teenager, the pregnancy requires an increased nutritional surveillance on the special needs of that age combine with being pregnant.
A well-balanced diet of a pregnant woman should contain foods from all groups: fruit, vegetables, dairy products, meat, fish, fat, eggs and carbohydrates. You should try to get approximately 10 percent of the necessary calories from proteins, 35 percent from fat and 55 percent from carbohydrates. The diet of the first months of pregnancy should be rich in folic acid, as it helps preventing neurologic damage in the baby. It is recommended to get a prescription for folic acid before conception and during the first two months of pregnancy.